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Post- Traumatic Stress Disorder: explained


What is PTSD ? 

PTSD, Post-traumatic stress disorder, is a mental health disorder that it stimulated after a traumatic life event. The event can be- natural or induced. 

What are the types of PTSD? 

The subtypes are categorized on the basis of the patient’s symptoms, aka ‘specifiers.’

ASD- Acute Stress Disorder

Though this isn’t exactly a PTSD, but it condenses a bunch of symptoms like anxiety and actions of repudiation that initiate within a month or so after a traumatic ordeal. Studies have proven that patients with ASD further get diagnosed with PTSD.

Dissociative PTSD 

It is when the patient unfastens herself/himself from the traumatic situation. The person feels set far apart from the ordeal.

Uncomplicated PTSD 

It is when the patient has all the PTSD symptoms, but here’s the twist- the person will not show any other mental health issues such as depression.

Co-morbid PTSD 

It is when the patient has all the symptoms of PTSD, hand-in-hand with other mental health disorders like depression, panic disorder, or even a substance abuse problem.

What are the causes of PTSD?

The persons likely to get diagnosed with PTSD are the ones- who have attested  a traumatic life incident like a natural calamity, armed fight, assault- sexual or physical. Probability says that- these people are likely to have a small percentage chance to develop PTSD. 

Examples of the PTSD threats-

  • A natural calamity, such as an earthquake. 
  • A military armed battle. 
  • A physical assault. 
  • A traveling accident. 
  • Any sexual harassment or abuse. 

PTSD is also known as ‘shell shock’ or ‘battle fatigue’ since it often affects war veterans. 

Statistically, the National Center for PTSD, approximated that about 15% of the Vietnam war veterans and about 12% of the Gulf war veterans were diagnosed with PTSD. 

But- regardless of the military background- PTSD can stick to anyone’s back, that too at any age. This mental disorder takes in with the occurrence to a response to chemical and neurological changes in the human brain after experiencing threats in life.

What are the symptoms of PTSD? 

PTSD can interfere with the day-to-day activities and the functioning of a person. 

Symptoms of PTSD can be divided into four categories- 


  • Flashbacks of the trauma. 
  • Sense of reliving the mishap. 
  • Revulsion of the memories plugged to the event. 
  • Nightmare of the ordeal. 
  • Sleepless nights. 
  • Extreme earnest mental distress. 
  • Intense physical distress. 


Avoiding people [inclusive of the family members, friends, colleagues, and strangers]; places; or situations that might  set remembrance of the traumatic incident.


  • Have troubles in concentrating. 
  • Startling, very easily. 
  • A continual feeling of being on the edge. 
  • Snappiness. 
  • Episodic spasms of anger. 

Perception and frame of mind:

  • Zero self worth. 
  • Highly culpable and fret-able.  
  • Problematic recalling of significant episodes of the event. 
  • Belittle charm with loved ones. 

PTSD patients are frequently correlated with having experiences of depression, anxiety, and panic attacks. 

Some symptoms of panic attacks-

  • anxiety 
  • stimulation for new
  • balance loss
  • feel of dizzy or slight faint
  • pounding heart beat
  • sore head

Triggers of PTSD- 

Words, sounds, or situations of the traumatic events prove to be of certain reminders. 

How is a diagnosis of PTSD conducted? 

Though there’s no particular test to diagnose PTSD; a mental health expert specialist- a psychiatrist, psychologist, or psychiatric nurse practitioner- is finestly qualified to diagnose PTSD.

How to know if you have PTSD-

To be diagnosed with PTSD, you must perceive all of the above mentioned symptoms for a time frame of 1 month or even longer. 

Note: these symptoms must be sufficiently solemn to impede with your daily life activities. 

What is the treatment plan for PTSD? 

If diagnosed with PTSD, the respective mental healthcare specialist will prescribe- therapy, medications, or both. 

Diversified kinds of treatment- 

CBT, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

aka ‘talk therapy’ heartens the patient to open his/her heart and process the traumatic ordeal, furthered by an effective change in thinking patterns [from negative to positive]. 

ET, Exposure Therapy

It is concerned with re-living the episodes of the trauma in a safe environment. This will help the patient be more strong inwardly. 


Some such as antidepressants and anti-anxiety drugs help relieve the symptoms. 


It is proved to be extremely efficient to free the patient from stress and depression. 

How to deal with PTSD ?


It is an effective implement to help cope with PTSD symptoms. It can help one identify symptom triggers, manage the symptoms, and face the terrify fears. 

Love and Support 

From friends and family is obliging.

Look around and study about PTSD 

It will help comprehend personal feelings and how to work it out with them. 

Blooming Lifestyle 

Self care is the key to the PTSD lock. 

Support Groups 

These groups are gifted shielded spaces to discuss about one’s feeling with others going through the same. 


My tip-off is to whirl upon- 

  • A level-headed diet 
  • Get some kip
  • Grind and sweat
  • Avoid stress and anxiety alleviaters

My worthwhile wisdom-

Having PTSD doesn’t mean you’re fallacious, and even if you do have PTSD, preliminary treatment plans can help counteract your symptoms. It’s a basic strategy for coping with invading thoughts, recollection, and flashbacks.



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